<h1>eDnevnik, slovenski blog</h1>
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SBB Key Programmer V31 New IMMOBILISER

23.11.2010, 10:05

SBB Key Programmer V31 New IMMOBILISER

 SBB Key Programmer V31 New IMMOBILISER

Newest Software Version: DB31.02

Description
SBB is a new device used as a portable unit for programming keys in immobilizer units on vehicles. Due to its integrated hardware, SBB needs no more than the OBDII cable provided to carry out a wide range of functions:

  • Programming new keys 
  • Reading keys from immobilizer's memory 
  • Deactivating keys no longer in the car owner's possession 
  • Operation by means of a menu guided programming 
  • Programming new remote controls 
  • Software with full database containing all the most important vehicle makes

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Supported languages: 
Italian/German/French/English/Spanish/Greek/Portuguese/Turkish/Russian

Supported cars: Multi-brands

Package including

  • 1pc x SBB Main Unit
  • 1pc x OBD II cable 
  • 1pc x RS232 cable for firmware update
  • 1pc x CD with user manuals & updating software

If have any problems,please feel free to contact us to this email address:ecupop@gmail.com

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ZED-Bull Transponder Clone Key Programmer Tool

1.11.2010, 09:49

ZED-Bull Transponder Clone Key Programmer Tool

 ZED-Bull Transponder Clone Key Programmer Tool

Description
Zed-BULL will fulfill all of your requirements as professional on Immobilizer Systems;
Zed-BULL is a transponder cloning device which contains all of Zed-Qx's features and also has more additional features.

Main Character

  • Finding PIN Code, preparing precoded transponders and programming transponders from EEPROM and MCU.

Zed-BULL PC software' s excellent features will help you while using EEPROM applications. ECU pictures, which ECU has which MCU or EEPROM and the location of mcu or eeprom on the board, which type transponder will be used... These kind of informations will ease your work. With Automatic Module Finding (AMF) feature, when you select the EEPROM file, the module will be recognized automatically
Another revolution of Zed-BULL is programing transponders when there is no key from ECUs. For now, Zed-BULL has 55 different applications and it is increasing... With this feature, you can program transponders, find pin codes and prepare precoded transponders for the cars which need precoded transponders like
fiat doblo 48. For this feature, you don't need expensive precoded transponders priced about 8-10 Euro. You can use blank transponders.

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  • Transponder Cloning: 11, 12, 13, 33, 73, 4C (writing to 4C electronic key and batteryless TPX1 transponder), Philips Crypto 40 (some), 41(all), 42(all), 44(all unlocked VAG), 45(all), Texas crypto 4D(all 60-61-62-63-64-65-67)to batteryless TPX2 and Silca electronic heads

Until now, common transponder cloning tools could only copy fixed transponders. But the revolution that we started with our device, Zed-Qx, is increasing with Zed-BULL. 41(NISSAN), 42(VAG), 44(Unlocked VAG) and 45(PEUGEOT) transponders which normally known as can not be copied, can be copied with Zed-BULL. Also you can copy 4C transponders onto batteryless TPX1 4C glass transponders

  • Producing Transponders for OBD Programing

If you have an OBD device like T-Code Pro, you will need special precoded transponders for some cars. Instead of buying these special transponders for high prices, you can produce them with Zed-BULL using blank transponders. And you don't need expensive precoded transponders priced about 8-10 Euro... The transponders that you can produce: 40, 41, 42, 44 Mitsubishi, 44 VAG, 45, 73 Mitsubishi, 61, 62, 65 and 46 for BMW, AUDI, PORSCHE, CHRYSLER, RENAULT... etc. For now, Zed-BULL has 24 different transponder production applications.

  • USB communication and fast update...

You can update your Zed-BULL in less than 30 seconds and use your Zed-BULL with PC via USB

  • Hitag2 Transponder Programmer

If you want to buy a hitag2 programmer as standalone device, you have to pay around 1000-1500 Euro. But when you have Zed-BULL, you will get this hitag2 programmer feature for FREE. You can work on hitag2 transponders and improve yourself on your job.

  • Easy Use with Wide Graphic LCD Screen.

Wide screen of Zed-BULL will show you much more .... With Zed-BULL's wide screen, you can see more information like, VIN number and kilometer info for BMW cars, detailed information for 46 and 48 transponders ... etc.

  • Additional function:

1) Reading kilometer, VIN number and key number information from orginal BMW key and writing to orginal BMW remote key
2) Finding PIN code from VIN number for HYUNDAI and KIA
3) PC software includes a wide-range transponder catalog, keyfob procedures and more informations
4) PIN code finding for 33 Renault and 45 Peugeot from transponder
5) Unlocking the 48(magic II) type locked transponder and make it re -usable
6) Saving transponder information into database including crypto transponders
7) 3 different device case color alternatives (red, black and white).

Package Including

  • 1 x Zed-bull main unit
  • 1 x zed-bull security login card
  • 1 x PC USB cable
  • 1 x power Adapter
  • 1 x Lighter Adapter
  • 1 x Transponder box

 

If have any problems,please feel free to contact us to this email address:ecupop@gmail.com

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Mb Star C3 Pro with seven cable Fit all computer

22.10.2010, 09:06

Description

Software is 03/2009 Version English  

XP-STAR(Auto-Link Blue STAR) realizes all the functions of official factory BENZ Star2000: reading out and erasing trouble code; reading the real-time data of sensor and actuator; coding and programming. It applies the latest high-tech central gateway system of car model 221/211 and 203 with software version updated to October of 2006, can enter all the Benz cars, such as autobus truck, saloon car, sports car, smart car and so on.

New Character

  • This version of MB STAR C3 can fit all computers,it is not only limited on IBM T30,provide great convenience to customers.It has one hard disk contain DAS and WIS system.
  • With a 7 meter RS232-RS485 cable,provide more convenience to garage when diagnose.
  • Every hard disk has it's special number,have self-test function.Just give us the self-test report and the number,we will find out what's the matter with this tool,avoid the shipping charge when this tool need fix.Great improvement!

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Functions

  • 1989~up to now Car, Bus, Truck, Sprint, Smart ;
  • All electric system Diagnostic;(Do not include flash code)
  • Reading trouble code
  • Erasing trouble code
  • Live-data
  • Adaptation
  • Component testing
  • Maintenance
  • Information consultation
  • Component location diagram
  • Wiring diagram

Testable system

  • ENGINE
  • AUTO-SPEED
  • AIRCONDITIONAL SYSTEM
  • SRS
  • ABS
  • ASR
  • MPL
  • GM
  • BENZ ORIGINAL ANTI-THEFT
  • DASX SYSTEM
  • KEYZESS GO SYSTEM
  • OBD-II SYSTEM

Product software includes:(Version: 06/2009 )

  • D-A-S: the automatically Diagnosis Assistance System ,Concise interface and straightforward operation with IBM high-quality computer can realize the quick and accurate code reading and the whole car system testing
  • W-I-S net: Workshop Information System Supply the whole view of the wiring diagram in a car,component location diagram and maintenance method. What you do is to enter the chassis number, and then you will get the manufacture data, engine configuration and the car model -all in detail.
  • EPC.net : Electronic Parts Catalog
  • ST Finder:Part location finder
  • STARUTILITIES : the movement management system and self-test

Softwarelanguage

English/Chinese/Deutsch/French/Italian/Spanish/Portuguese/Finnish/Danish/Swedish.

Package including

  • 1x MULTIPLEXER
  • 1x 16pinOBD II cable
  • 1x 4pin cable
  • 1x 38 pin cable
  • 1x 14pin track cable
  • 1x COM cable
  • 1xRS232 to RS485 Cable
  • 1x Serial adapter cable

One 120G Hard Disc for DAS, EPC and WIS V2008.04, FINDER V2008.02


If have any problems,please feel free to contact us to this email address: ecupop@gmail.com


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Autoboss V30 update by Internet

11.10.2010, 09:41

Autoboss V30 update by Internet

 

 

Description
Original Autoboss v30 is the newest autoboss scanner.V30 applys with blue teeth techniques and live data graphic display.v30 has 1year warranty and free updates...

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Character

  • Live data graphic display 
  • Full component activation 
  • Read & change ECU coding 
  • Setting of adaptation values 
  • CANBUS function supported 
  • Internet update function 
  • HYUNDAI immobilizer 
  • Testing report saving function 
  • VOLKSWAGON immobilizer III 
  • Coding of the new control modules 
  • NISSAN idle speed self learning function 
  • Multi-language for international market demand 
  • Hand-held independent operation, supporting PC link

Parameter
CPU: SAMSUNG ARM 2410A, 200MHz 
FLASH Card: SD Card, 1GB RAM: 64M 
Power Supply: 8-12V (DC) 110-250V 50Hz (AC) 
Operation System: Window CE 
Storage: -30 ~ +90 
Humidity: <90% 
Working Temp.: -10 ~ +80 
Dimension (mm): L630XW200XH420

Autoboss V30 cover the following cars:

  • European Cars

LANCIA LANDROVER PEUGEOT AUDI Bentlley FORD SEAT LADA Porsche
RENAULT FIAT VOLVO 
SMART BMW GAZ 
MINI VAZ BENZ 
OPEL SAAB CITROEN VW

  • Asian Cars

DAEWOO SUBARU MITSUBISH 
NISSAN HONDA KIA 
SUZUKI TOYOTA HYUNDAI 
ISUZU MAZDA LEXUS 
PERODUA PROTON SSANGYONG 

  • American Cars

FORD GM CHRYSLER Prutton 

  • OBDII Cars

OBDII ISO KWP VPW PMW CAN

  • Chinese Cars

CHANGHE CHANA GREATWALL 
FOTON GEELY CHERRY FUDI

V30 has Good support and service 
(1)One year for free update for the software by internet. 
(2)One year guarantee for quality of all the components.

 

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If have any problems,please feel free to contact us to this email address:ecupop@gmail.


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Launch X431 Master Auto Diagnostic Tool

25.09.2010, 07:38

Launch X431 Master Auto Diagnostic Tool





Description
X431 Master is a new automotive diagnostic product and designed by LAUNCH with the technology of "Open Control Platform for Vehicle" representing the highest level of automotive diagnostic technology in the world. It has the function of read DTCs, read datastream, actuation test, sensor waveform display and ECU coding. It"s faster to communicate with cars than X-431 by integrated structure to save time in work. It can test most of cars by using the unique 16 PIN connector which integrates the function of all 16 PIN connectors of X-431. 24V operating voltage capability is added to work with different kinds of batteries. It is easier and more conveniet to operate than X-431 based on the smart design.


link:BMW GT1|X431|Launch X431 diagun|BENZ STAR|AK500|BMW GT1|T300|VAS 5054A|Lexia 3|Renault CAN Clip|BMW OPS|Techo pro 2008.1|GM TECH 2|



Character

Inherited with all diagnosis function of X-431;
Faster communication with cars than X-431 by integrated design to save time in work;
All inclusive software coverage - European, American and Asian;
24V operating voltage capability is added to work with different kinds of batteries;
Powerful diagnostic function: read DTCs,read datastream, actuation test, sensor waveform display and ECU coding;
Test most of cars by using unique & integrated 16 PIN connector;
Easier and more conveniet to operate than X-431 based on the smart design;
Upgrade software anytime and anywhere to keep up with latest models;

Parameter
Operating System: Linux
Memory: 16M
CF Card: 512M
Main Unit I/O: Universal serial port/parallel port
Power Supply: DC 12V / 24V
Power: Approx. 9W
Screen: 240X320 LCD touch screen with background light
Printer: Mini high speed thermal printer
Ambient Temperature: -15C~50C
Relative Humidity: <90%


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Plastic from Algae: The First Step Toward a Fish-Friendly Gyre?

9.09.2010, 08:24
By year's end, an Indiana company says it will be making plastic from algae, substituting up to half of the material normally derived from fossil fuels with biomass from the aquatic plants, and selling the product to manufacturers.

As the bioplastics industry surges, a search for alternative feedstocks led Cereplast CEO Frederic Scheer and his colleagues to algae, which he says is close enough to the starches the company already turns into plastics—like corn, wheat and tapioca—to go commercial after just 18 months of R&D. There's just one hitch: getting enough of the green stuff to make it in quantity. Given a big enough source of algae, Scheer says, "we could have introduced this product probably last year."

Algae has long been hailed by many as the best hope for an alternative to fossil and food-based fuels, but difficulties growing and processing it cheaply have kept it just over the green horizon for decades. The myriad companies running at algal biofuels today, for example, must first find and cultivate a precise strain of algae from among thousands, harvest and dry the stuff, and then somehow extract oil from the plant on a cost-competitive basis with now very cheap crude.

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But Scheer and his colleagues are betting not only that someone will soon crack algae once and for all, but that, once they do, they'll be stuck with a green mountain of biomass left over after the algae's oil has been extracted and turned into the diesel or jet fuel of tomorrow. Today, that biomass is fed to cattle, among other things. Tomorrow, Scheer hopes, it will be an integral part of the trillion-dollar industry that is plastic.

At the moment, Scheer says, his team has succeeded in displacing up to 35 percent of the petroleum in traditional plastics with algae. By product launch later this year, he's hoping that figure will be closer to 50 percent. But, like his comrades in the algae-oil business, the trouble hasn't been so much the science, but the supply of algae to his lab.

"How much we're getting is a lot of the problem. Probably right now we're talking about 30 or 50 pounds at a time," Scheer says. By June, as algae suppliers step up production, Sheer expects the figure to jump to somewhere around a thousand pounds at a time. It takes roughly a pound and a half of dried, pressed algae to make a pound of the algal portion of the plastic, he says. Production for next year could be anywhere between 1 million and 5 million pounds, largely hinging on supply.

"It is something that will be commercial, but you have to put everything back into perspective: [the world is] generating every year 1 trillion pounds of traditional fossil-fuel-based resin. So even if we introduce 5 million pounds or 10 million pounds of that product, it's like a drop in the bucket."

Unlike some bioplastics, it is a drop that will neither compost nor biodegrade, though it will be recyclable. Scheer stresses that his team's main goal is to derive a monomer—the building block of the polymers most of us call plastics—entirely from algae biomass. Such a breakthrough, combined with enough cast-aside plant matter to sustain it, and possibly some of the plant's oil, would provide for a plastic completely free of fossil fuels. If such plastics became prevalent on a large scale, they could theoretically present something of an ecological holy grail, with a gyre full of bioplastic representing something closer to fish food than deathtrap.

"Creating that monomer from the algae, we'd be able to create other polymers and end up really creating a whole chemistry around algae biomass, and this is probably the ultimate purpose of the work that we're doing here," Scheer says, estimating that such results are at least three to five years away.

"We've got to come up with alternatives, and I do think we're going to solve it," says Bill Francis, president of the Algalita Marine Research Foundation, which documents the effects of stray plastic on the world's oceans. "I do believe that there will be a time when we look back and say, ‘Oh yeah, that was the plastic age. Look what we did to ourselves.' And to be honest, I think the plastic footprint is a greater risk to the health of our environment, to the people here and to the marine species for sure, than the carbon footprint."

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2011 Ford Edge Test Drive

2.09.2010, 03:46
Nashville, Tenn.—Ford pioneered new territory in 2006 when it introduced the Edge, a racy two-row crossover. The Edge forsook the Explorer's pretense of bushwhacking off-road capability without surrendering to the jacked-up-station-wagon persona of the Freestyle. Customers responded by sending the Edge to the top of the crossover segment, where it has tallied some 400,000 sales.

Trouble was, the Edge looked good on paper and in the metal, but its appeal faded on the road, where poor execution of details undermined the car's potential. Ford's goal for 2011: Make the Edge drive like it looks.

The Specs

Dearborn's engineers started by junking the outgoing powertrain. The Edge now relies primarily on a more powerful and efficient 285-hp 3.5-liter V-6. Backed by a six-speed automatic transmission, the V6 achieves EPA ratings of 19 mpg city / 27 mpg highway in front-wheel-drive form.

Hot-rodders, or at least five-seat crossover shoppers who imagine themselves in a flat black model with a flame paint job, can opt for the Edge Sport. That was mostly an appearance package on the old model, but the new Sport gains a 305-hp 3.7-liter V-6 borrowed from the Mustang.

The Sport rolls on standard 22-inch aluminum wheels and has tauter shock tuning for more responsive handling. Despite the big wheels and stiffer shocks, the ride doesn't prove as jarring as the combination would suggest, and gas mileage slips only slightly to 18 mpg city and 25 mpg highway.

The most interesting news, however, is the Edge's use of Ford's new 2.0-liter turbocharged four-cylinder EcoBoost engine, which is slated to become available early next year. According to Ford, this power plant will deliver 10 percent better gas mileage than a comparable V-6 with similar horsepower and torque, which means gas mileage of 30 mpg. We'll find out more details when this engine debuts in the 2011 Explorer this fall.

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Ford Edge Photos

Like the Best Buy of automotive brands, Ford is pressing its electronic gadgetry as a competitive advantage. Not coincidentally, Ford conducts consumer events in conjunction with Best Buy, helping show customers how to integrate their phones into Ford's Sync hands-free system.

Sync joins with a variety of other features such as HD Radio with iTunes Tagging, MyKey driver restriction technology, and blind-spot warning. Most visible is the new MyFord Touch interface, employing dual 4.2-inch LCD displays that flank the speedometer in the instrument cluster in the manner seen previously in the Fusion Hybrid, plus a big 8-inch central screen that provides an optional $795 built-in navigation system.

The small displays provide information from the MyFord Touch Navigation system, which uses the customer's phone to stream data to the car. This service is free for three years and costs $60 per year thereafter.

A wireless router is also available, which allows the built-in hotspot to feed electronic devices in the vehicle, so passengers can check email or watch YouTube on the road.

The base price of the front-wheel-drive Edge Limited we tested is $34,220, and the options list‚ including items like a panoramic sunroof, HID xenon headlights, adaptive cruise control, blind spot warning, and voice-activated navigation with Sirius Travel Link‚ pushes it to $40,480.

The Drive

If the Edge looked good on paper before, it looks even better now, with loads of gee-whiz hardware and technology. Remarkably, it all works. Previous versions of Sync had a first-level menu vocabulary of 100 words, which meant that if you didn't know the secret password to launch Sync down the decision tree toward the desired function, you were as locked out.

This frustration was a leading complaint consumers voiced when surveyed about their satisfaction with Ford vehicles, according to Art Spinella, president of CNW Research. Absent this frustration, Ford would have easily topped recent J.D. Power satisfaction surveys, he said.

Addressing that, Ford has given Sync a brain transplant, upgrading it from a Frankensteinian 100 words to a Einsteinian 10,000. "It isn't natural language yet, but it is pretty close and it will probably feel like natural language," says John Schneider, chief engineer of multimedia and entertainment.

There are fixes to the Edge's fundamental hardware too. The old Edge had a vague, sloppy feeling to its steering, a problem Ford has corrected by upgrading to a steering rack with reduced internal friction. Additionally, according to vehicle engineering manager Rich Kreder, testing showed the Edge's steering was uncommonly sensitive to the valving of the rear shocks, so Ford tuned the rear shocks' low-speed damping to improve the steering response.

Edge owners complained bitterly about the outgoing model's mushy, confidence-sapping brake pedal. In response, the company installed stiffer brake calipers, brake pads that grab more aggressively and changed the motion ratio of the pedal assembly to provide a firm, responsive brake pedal. "It was embarrassing that the old brakes were so bad," Kreder says.

To differentiate the 2011 model from the first generation Edge, the Blue Oval boys refreshed the exterior styling with a few tweaks to the grille, headlights and fascias. Inside, however, the Edge was given a complete overhaul. Ford ditched the old hard surfaces, replacing them with soft-touch materials using fewer parts with fewer seams, which is where problematic squeaks and rattles can arise. They also packed the Edge with more sound-deadening material, thicker glass, bigger subframe bushings and nearly every other available technique to filter unwanted noise from the cabin.

The hushed interior ambiance lets the driver's ears relax so that his eyes can discover details like stitched leather trim in the up-market SEL and Limited models, which will account for 80 percent of Edge sales.

The Bottom Line

The Edge finally delivers on the dynamic driving experience promised by its design, with a trio of powertrains that let customers choose an engine that best suits their needs. A sumptuous cockpit and increasingly functional electronic gadgetry‚ details that have contributed to the Taurus increasing its residual value, are bonus features that will boost customer satisfaction. These upgrades effectively distance the Edge from competitors like the dismally cheap Toyota Venza and should fend off the strong challenges of the Hyundai Santa Fe and Kia Sportage.

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How Bad Is the Plastic Pollution in the Atlantic?

24.08.2010, 09:01

You may have heard there’s a lot of plastic debris in the Pacific Ocean. Some have referred to the phenomenon as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, or described it as a huge floating island of trash the size of Texas. It’s true that the concentration of this debris is higher inside than outside the North Pacific Gyre, a large system of rotating ocean currents in the northern Pacific. But the reality is that the plastic pollution is more diffuse. Nobody has mapped the true boundaries of the trash, and it is not necessarily constrained to the gyre. What’s more, this isn’t a bunch of milk cartons, soda bottles and beer coolers lost during fishing trips—the majority of the debris is made up of tiny pieces that measure in millimeters, the remains of larger objects broken down by the ocean environment. In other words, it’s much more of a plastic soup than a plastic island. And it turns out there is a rather huge helping in the Atlantic Ocean, too.

In the journal, Science, researchers led by the Sea Education Association (SEA) in Woods Hole, Massachusetts published results from a 22-year-long study of plastic accumulation in the western North Atlantic and Caribbean Sea. Over 60 percent of the 6136 surface plankton net tows the group pulled from the water between between 1986 and 2008 contained plastic—over 64,000 pieces in total. The fragments were hand-picked with tweezers, and archived, mostly by undergraduate researchers.

The group reports finding the greatest concentration of plastic fragments between the latitudes of 22 and 38 degrees North—roughly equivalent to the length between  Cuba and Maryland—which corresponds to the location of the North Atlantic Gyre. The study helps define the northern and southern boundaries of the Atlantic plastic soup, but it’s still not clear how far it extends eastward.

Plastic Collectors

The largest sample collected during a single 30-minute tow, taken in May of 1997 at 24.6 degrees North and 74.0 degrees West, was 1069 pieces. Extrapolated, that’s the equivalent of 580,000 pieces per square kilometer. The average concentration observed near 30 degrees North, the midpoint of the high concentration region, was about 20,300 pieces per square kilometer, give or take about 2300.

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Most of the plastic collected at this point, says lead author Kara Lavender Law, an oceanographer at SEA, is probably post-consumer plastic—that is, fragments of common household items people use every day. Data from earlier in the study reflects a larger concentration of industrial resin pellets, the raw material of the consumer plastics industry. But the group notes a significant decrease in the concentration of these tiny pellets over the course of the study, likely due to voluntary programs the plastics industry initiated in the 1990s to prevent or recapture spilled material.

This large data set sheds light on some important questions, says Miriam Goldstein, an oceanographer at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography who studies the impact of plastic debris in the Pacific Ocean, and who was not part of this study. “One thing that is really difficult in working with this issue is just the lack of data, and they have a really amazing data set here,” Goldstein says. One particularly valuable aspect of the study, she says, is that the researchers combined their data with numerical modeling, and data from drifting buoys designed to help track ocean currents, to show that plastic debris that enters the Atlantic Ocean, from, say, the eastern U.S. seaboard, has an excellent chance of ending up in the North Atlantic Gyre. This fact wasn’t necessarily obvious, given the small size of so many of the fragments.

Where Is All the Plastic Going?

To look for trends over the 22-year period, the SEA group analyzed the data collected in the most “spatially consistent, annually repeated cruise track,” according to the paper. But even though there was a fourfold increase in discarded plastic in the U.S. between 1980 and 2008, the concentration of debris in the Atlantic does not seem to have increased over that time. This poses the question: Assuming plastic entering the ocean has followed a similar trend, where is it all going?

At least some of the plastic is probably being consumed by animals. “We know that marine organisms eat plastic, but we don’t have a sense of who, how much, or what happens to it once they eat it,” Lavender Law says.

An additional possibility is that some of it has broken down into fragments too small to be captured in the tow nets, made of mesh with holes merely 1/3 of a millimeter in size. “We don’t know how small they get in the ocean, and it is very hard to develop a method to look at that,” Lavender Law says.

It’s also a possibility that a general shift in the types of plastics entering the ocean is affecting the amount of observable debris. A companion study analyzed the collected plastic fragments and showed that 99 percent were less dense than seawater, and the majority were made polyethylene and polypropylene, materials known to float in seawater. Common soft drink and water bottles, meanwhile, are made of polyethylene terephthalate (PETE), which is denser than seawater—and could be sinking. The surface tow nets only collect debris floating near the surface. “Even if it became just a little bit denser, it might be out of reach of our net,” Lavender Law says.

Finally, perhaps organisms that grow on the plastic fragments are changing their density enough to make them sink out of reach, or even all the way to the ocean floor. “But then what happens once it sinks? That’s the next question,” Lavender Law says. To date, there have been no studies of the plastic accumulation on the seafloor offshore, below the areas where a high concentration of floating debris is observed.

Getting an idea of how much plastic has accumulated over such a long period of time in the Atlantic is crucial to the research field, says Goldstein, but the uncertainties it raises are just as key. “Why isn’t there a trend in time? In terms of controlling marine debris, these are really important questions,” she says.


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Will LED Light Bulbs Best Your CFLs and Incandescents?

9.08.2010, 09:54
Solid-state lighting has long been touted as the next generation of efficient bulbs, but technical challenges have so far limited product offerings to 40-watt equivalents—and consumers haven’t exactly rushed shelves to purchase bulbs to read by. Developing light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that generate full-spectrum color—white light—is particularly difficult. Another hurdle has been finding a way to efficiently manage LED temperature: If the bulb gets too hot, it fails. Now, the first LED bulbs to rival the 60-watt, screw-in incandescent are finally poised to hit the market. If they win over consumers, the efficiency gains could yield impressive reductions not only in individual electricity bills but also in global carbon emissions. The Department of Energy estimates that replacing regular light bulbs with LEDs could potentially save 190 terawatt-hours annually (pdf)—the equivalent of lighting over 95 million homes.

The 12-watt EnduraLED, recently announced by Philips Lighting, has a rated life of 25,000 hours (nearly 3 years). The 9-watt Definity LED made by Lighting Science Group may last twice as long. But longevity in a super-efficient package doesn’t come cheap. Each Definity LED will cost about 30 dollars and the EnduraLED may top 50 dollars—as much as the lighting fixture it’s destined for. The price tag will almost certainly cause consumers to stop short and weigh the real benefits. But even with the current high price, LEDs are one of the most promising light sources available for consumers, beating out everything on the current market for reliability, efficiency and longevity.

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Where CFLs Fall Short …

Studies from the Program for the Evaluation and Analysis of Residential Lighting (PEARL) show that compact fluorescent bulbs often don’t live up to manufacturer’s claims. Glenn Reed of Energy Futures Group in Burlington, Vt., and his colleague Chris Granda at Grasteu Associates recently analyzed five years’ worth of PEARL testing data on 1500 Energy Star–qualified CFLs. They found that some CFLs began to lose brightness quickly. For example, almost half of reflector CFLs—the kind used in recessed lighting—were more than a quarter dimmer before they had reached half of their rated lifetime. Although CFLs typically perform worse in recessed lighting, Reed found that these CFLs weren’t even living up to their Energy Star ratings. One possible explanation is that the recessed cans that house reflectors trap heat that wears out the bulb.

The PEARL studies also revealed that the average lifespan of CFLs often fell short, echoing a common complaint among CFL users. Among eight frequently tested brands, including Philips Lighting and General Electric, early failure rates ranged from 2 to 13 percent. The National Lighting Product Information Program has found similar differences in quality among Energy Star–labeled brands. Reed notes that PEARL only tested 10 bulbs per brand and that the same brand wasn’t necessarily tested all five years. These data limitations make it difficult to rank best and worst brands, but, says Reed, “it’s definitely a yellow flag.”

… LEDs Step In

Solid-state lighting can potentially overcome many problems with CFLs, including those highlighted by the PEARL studies. LEDs perform well in all lighting applications, including recessed lighting, and unlike all but specialized compact fluorescent bulbs LEDs are dimmable. Because of recent advances in optics, LEDs have a quality of light superior to all other types of lighting—and they deliver it more efficiently. For example, Lighting Science Group’s Definity LED delivers 112 lumens per watt compared to a CFL’s 50 to 70 lumens per watt.

Improvements in managing the LED chip’s temperature have contributed to their marathon life span: LEDs can last up to 50,000 hours, more than eight times as long as CFLs. The bulbs are also likely to deliver on their lifetime claims because they won’t face the same quality-assurance issues that have plagued CFLs. Energy Star only recently began performing “random, off-the-shelf testing” of Energy Star–qualified CFLs. In contrast, random testing has been a part of Energy Star’s eligibility criteria for solid-state lighting since the beginning. Even if CFL quality becomes more consistent now, they still can’t compete with LED efficiency or, because of their mercury content, be recycled as easily.

Zach Gibler, the CEO of Lighting Science Group, says LED prices will begin to drop over the next 12 to 36 months. A lower retail price for the 60-watt replacement combined with rebates, which companies already offer on many CFL and LED purchases, will provide strong incentives for consumers to replace CFLs with LEDs. “Right now for day-to-day use, CFLs are still an inexpensive energy-efficient alternative to incandescents,” Reed says, “but they are really just a transitional technology.”

 

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2011 Mini Countryman Cooper S Test Drive

26.07.2010, 08:52
Hamburg, Germany-Insisting that the new Mini Countryman is not an SUV nor even a small crossover, the engineers at BMW have nonetheless emphasized both off-road ability and people/cargo-hauling utility to give Mini a more family-friendly and spacious offering. Back in the '60s, the original Mini Countryman was a wood-sided station wagon with only two doors, so the new four-door is the first such to wear the name. The new model, coming to America as early as next year, is not only longer but also taller and notably wider than the Mini Cooper Coupe, Cabriolet and Clubman models in dealerships today. By also expanding on feature offerings—including access to Web radio and other features via an iPhone link and Mini-specific app—and on personalization via paint and interior choices, the Countryman maintains Mini's hipness factor even as it makes room for child seats and trips to Costco.

The Specs

Arriving 10 years after BMW's original reincarnation of the Mini brand, the Countryman answers the need for a "step up" model dealers can offer to loyalists whose lifestyles may now include children, homeownership or other demands for a somewhat larger vehicle. It also has more ground clearance and a more upright seating position, which Mini refers to as a "semi command" view of the road. We don't think they mean you're only half in control, just that it's not as tall as a full-on SUV. With the optional ALL4 all-wheel-drive system, the Countryman is hardly an off-road adventurer but does pose fewer worries on dirt two-tracks through the woods or in slippery weather conditions.

Munich would deny this, but the cutesy pretensions that Mini is an "English" car are all but abandoned with this one—in its details, from the iDrive-like interface with the navigation screen to the array of electronic driving aids, the Countryman is the most BMW-like of Minis. This fact is emphasized—albeit unintentionally—by the introduction taking place in the countryside outside Hamburg. The Countryman won't even be assembled with its brand mates in Oxford but at the BMW Group's Austrian partner firm Magna Steyr Fahrzeugtechnik in Graz. This emphasizes that this is an all-new vehicle, not a stretched Mini, even as it hews closely to Mini exterior design and engineering traditions.

"Biggest-ever Mini" is a relative expression—even at a shade more than 4 meters long, at 161.8 inches the Countryman still casts a smaller shadow than a comparable 165-inch five-door VW Golf. The Mini-characteristic design pushes the wheels out to the corners, so the wheelbase is an inch longer than the VW's, and it's also a bit bigger at 70.4 inches wide and 61.5 tall, the latter figure incorporating both the raised roof rails (which enhance interior headroom) and a half-inch more ground clearance with the all-wheel-drive system (branded ALL4). Inside, the Countryman feels significantly less cozy than your standard Mini Cooper coupe—driver and passenger bang elbows less often, and the rear seat is a place where adults can sit for longer than a quick trip out to dinner. With a seats-up cargo capacity of 41.3 cubic feet, there's even enough luggage space for a week in the country.

ALL4 sends 100 percent of drive torque to the front wheels until it detects slip, whereupon the electronically controlled center couple sends torque rearward. It's not a high-speed system, though, and it shuts down at freeway speeds (140 km/h, or 87 mph).

Along with the new model comes an enhanced engine for the top Cooper S model, making 184 hp (versus 172 today) with a dual-scroll turbo, direct injection and variable valve timing to ensure that the performance enhancement does not cut into fuel economy. The combined rating in the European driving cycle for the Cooper S (the only model we drove) is the equivalent of 38.5 mpg, or a 9 percent improvement on the previous engine. We'd expect to see something in the mid-30s on the U.S. EPA test cycle, perhaps less with the automatic, though both the manual and automatic trannies offer six speeds.

2011 Mini Countryman Cooper S Test Drive Gallery

The Drive

We drove a pair of manual-transmission Mini Countryman Cooper S models several hundred miles over a couple of days in northern Germany. Whether at high speed on the limitless autobahn or crawling over sandy forest two-tracks, we found them much as the engineers and marketers suggested—bigger, heavier, all-wheel-drive Mini station wagons (except that marketers won't concede to the station wagon words any more than they would to SUV).

The good consequences of that would be evident in daily life, when the easier ingress and egress, larger cargo capacity and smoother ride from the longer 102.5-inch wheelbase would make the Mini a more livable proposition for many a small family. For the hardcore enthusiast drivers who have made up the bulk of Mini's buyers, it's more of a mixed bag. The taller ground clearance and softer springing made for more fore/aft pitch and roll in cornering. That's to be expected even if it makes the Countryman handle less like a go-kart and more like a five-passenger ATV. The one real objection we had was to the steering—as calibrated today, it delivers a very Mini-like sharp turn-in response immediately, followed by a less linear effect as the chassis rolls over and takes a set. A small initial steering input delivers a large effect, followed by less responsiveness as you negotiate a corner. Engineers said these preproduction models were still subject to final calibration, however, so we'll have to wait and see what we get when the car arrives in the U.S. market in early calendar 2011. There's also a "Sport" suspension option that lowers the vehicle nearly half an inch, and that, too, might be something to interest the "motoring" driver.

The Bottom Line

With that delivery date still so far off, neither final fuel economy nor pricing information is available, although we expect base prices to hover around $30,000 and go up from there. The Mini Countryman Cooper S will appeal most strongly to those who are already big fans of the Mini design and brand, which would include those moving up from previous Mini models or those who liked the idea but couldn't justify the inconveniences of the smaller models. It may have turbo power and all-wheel-drive, but it shouldn't be confused with the rally-inspired like of the Subaru WRX—the Countryman is a nimble, small car with upscale features and attributes, and we expect it will be priced accordingly.

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Is Nitrogen Better than Air in Car Tires?

7.07.2010, 03:22



Q: Is there any advantage to using nitrogen instead of compressed air in tires? Will I notice improved fuel economy or a smoother ride? Will my tires last longer?

A: Sort of. From the top: Air is 78 percent nitrogen, just under 21 percent oxygen, and the rest is water vapor, CO2 and small concentrations of noble gases such as neon and argon. We can ignore the other gases.

There are several compelling reasons to use pure nitrogen in tires.

First is that nitrogen is less likely to migrate through tire rubber than is oxygen, which means that your tire pressures will remain more stable over the long term. Racers figured out pretty quickly that tires filled with nitrogen rather than air also exhibit less pressure change with temperature swings. That means more consistent inflation pressures during a race as the tires heat up. And when you're tweaking a race car's handling with half-psi changes, that's important.

Passenger cars can also benefit from the more stable pressures. But there's more: Humidity (water) is a Bad Thing to have inside a tire. Water, present as a vapor or even as a liquid in a tire, causes more of a pressure change with temperature swings than dry air does. It also promotes corrosion of the steel or aluminum rim.

If I ever need to top off a tire when I'm out on the road, I'll always briefly depress the tire chuck's valve with my thumbnail and vent some air. If my thumb gets wet, there's water in the line. Some gas stations don't do a very good job of keeping the humidity out of their air system. I don't even like to use a water-based tire-mounting lubricant unless I can let the tire bake in the sun for a couple of hours before I air it up and seat the bead. I've dismounted tires (not mine) that had several quarts of water inside—probably from a compressed-air hose that collected water and was never purged properly.

How is water relevant to a nitrogen discussion? Any system that delivers pure nitrogen is also going to deliver dry nitrogen. Filling tires with nitrogen involves filling and purging several times in succession, serially diluting the concentration of oxygen in the tire. This will also remove any water.

It's certainly simple, although time-consuming, for a tire technician to fill and bleed tires. But most shops use a machine that not only generates almost pure nitrogen by straining the oxygen out of shop-compressed air, but will also automatically go through several purge cycles unattended. Some shops have been charging as much as $30 per tire for this service. I think that's too much. If you're buying a new tire, it should be far less. Still, the nitrogen generator, filling system and technician's time aren't free—the dealer is entitled to some return for that.

So, to answer your specific questions: With nitrogen, your tire pressures will remain more constant, saving you a small amount in fuel and tire-maintenance costs. There will be less moisture inside your tires, meaning less corrosion on your wheels. You will not be able to feel any difference in the ride or handling or braking, unless your tire pressures were seriously out of spec and changing to nitrogen brought them back to the proper numbers.

 

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2010 Audi A1 Test Drive

28.06.2010, 10:38
BERLIN—Audi's presentation for its new A1 claims that it is the only car in the premium supermini sector of the market. Surely this is some mistake? Once the marketing mullahs were put back into the rubber room, more steady heads admitted that this new baby Audi faces tough competition from, amongst others, BMW's Mini Cooper and Citroën's new DS3, although only the former is available in the U.S.

Perhaps it's a measure of how nervous Audi is about how buyers will see the Belgian-built A1 when it hits European markets this November—sales projections are modest, and the car will not be offered for sale in the U.S. until the next generation, meaning not for at least five years.

"We have no plans for U.S. sales at present," said Holger Baumann, project leader on the A1. "In principle it could be sold, but it would need some work on compliance with U.S. regulations."

The Specs

Make no mistake, under the skin this is a Volkswagen Polo, sharing the same MacPherson-strut front and torsion-beam rear suspension, brake options and range of engines and transmissions—remember that the Mini has a unique chassis floorpan with an independent rear suspension.

The A1 and the Polo share the same 8-foot, 1.2-inch wheelbase, but at 12 feet, 11.6 inches in length, the A1 is about an inch shorter than the Polo. There are a few material changes to the suspension, with longer trailing arms to better maintain handling integrity, and a high-strength steel front sub-frame. Torsion beams are simple as well as cost- and space-effective, but they suffer from ride/noise issues when the suspension is hardened up to improve the handling. The Audi has redesigned rear-suspension guide bushes to allow unidirectional deflection in an attempt to help overcome this drawback.

Rack-and-pinion steering is assisted by a hydraulic–electric system, and all models have standard electronic stability along with an electronically activated limited-slip differential to reduce the runaway wheel spin so often endemic with small, powerful, front-drive hatchbacks like this.

The launch models are all three doors, with a five-door model following in 18 months. Three four-cylinder engines will be available, including two turbo gas units: a single-cam 1.2-liter, which delivers 85 hp at 4800 rpm and 118 lb-ft of torque at 1500 rpm, and a twin-cam 1.4-liter delivering 120 hp at 5000 rpm and 148 lb-ft of torque at 1500 rpm. There's also a 1.6-liter turbodiesel with 104 hp at 4400 rpm and 184 lb-ft of torque at 1500 rpm, and a lower-powered version based on the same block will be launched later this year. Transmission options are a five-speed with the 1.2-liter and diesel, and a choice of six-speed manual, or seven-speed, twin-clutch transmission (a $2103/£1420 option) with the 1.4-liter model. Three trim levels are offered; SE, Sport and S-line and prices range from $19,470 (£13,145) for the 1.2-liter in SE trim, to $27,077 (£18,280) for the 1.4 with dual-clutch transmission and S-line trim.

For the moment, the performance model is the 1.4-liter TFSI unit, which achieves a maximum speed of 126 mph, accelerates from zero to 62 mph in 8.9 seconds, and delivers 44 mpg. The little 1.2-liter is designed for torque rather than outright power, and delivers equivalent figures of 112 mph, 11.7 seconds to 60 mph, and 46 mpg. The 104-hp turbodiesel hits 118 mph, gets to 60 mph in 10.5 seconds and nets a respectable 59 mpg.

2010 Audi A1 Gallery

The Drive

We opted for the middle Sport trim level, which is predicted to be the most popular seller. This has a slightly harder sports suspension, seats that offer some lateral support and leather trim for the steering wheel and shifter. Our car also had the Wunderbar (no, we're not making this up) upholstery option with lime-green inserts in questionable taste, and upgraded 17-inch wheels and tires.

Few of these details matter when you open up the long doors and feast your eyes on one of the tastiest cabins in the sector. It appears to be stolen from a different class of car altogether, and that's mainly because it is. The A8 has donated not just its premium levels of fit and finish, but also its state-of-the-art multimedia interface (MMI) for the electronics, navigation system and Bose stereo. Aside from the equipment, the A8's wit and charm have also undergone the miniaturization process. The aluminum trim, the knurled chrome heater switches and the beautiful symmetry of the MMI are a huge step up in this sector.

There's plenty of space for front-seat passengers, and the trunk is respectably large, but the rear seats are suitable only for children, and even then, not for long. The standard of the trim falls off in back as well, and the side panels are thin, easily marked and unpleasant to touch.

While the diesel is likely to be the most popular engine in the U.K., it's also the least endearing. The low-end torque is more than good enough to fire the 1.1-ton car up the road with alacrity, but it's also noisy and fills the cabin with a trembling vibration that's at odds with the aforementioned quality of the environment. Don't tell anyone, but it also feels less refined than the equivalent VW Polo model.

The best engine is the 1.4 TFSI gasoline unit, which makes the car feel brisk and strong, with respectable torque to avoid the need to row it along with the gear lever. The twin-clutch transmission option is a technological marvel, but after you've had fun climbing up and down the box a few times, the full-auto default option makes it just a heavy and expensive slush box.

As for the little 1.2-liter, it's a buzz bomb, with a rifle-bolt-accurate five-speed manual transmission. We liked it, but out of town its frenetic nature will be tiring.

The ride is reasonably comfortable, but the bigger potholes catch out the rear suspension, and the way washboard surfaces are transmitted into the cabin shows up the workaday chassis components. Surprisingly, the 17-inch wheels don't murder the ride quality as they do on the Mini Cooper, but 16 inches is a better bet in the city. The steering is accurate and firmly weighted but lacks feedback and the sporting feel of a Mini or Citroën DS3. The handling is equally disappointing. The A1 has none of the pent-up energy of its rivals, which monster up the road just begging to be thrown into the corners. The A1 simply does the job, but with none of the chassis character that allows you to steer the car with the throttle or the brakes. The brakes are strong, but again, the pedal lacks feedback.

The Bottom Line

Efficient rather than charismatic, the little A1 will be sold on its technology and its closeness to the rest of the four-ringed range. The first of those claims barely holds water, as the A1's ubiquitous chassis and pressed steel body are a long way from Audi's truly innovative A2 model, which in the 1990s combined an aluminum body with remarkable fuel economy and space-age looks. The second claim is uncomfortably true if you substitute Volkswagen for Audi; the A1's closeness to the VW Polo says far more about marketing expediency than it does high ideals or driving enjoyment. The Audi has a nice cabin and it's inoffensive to look at, but once the wheels are turning, frankly, you aren't missing much. And for now, neither is the U.S. market.
 

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Will Chinese cars sell in U.S, this year?

11.05.2010, 15:24
Chinese automakers are finally making their move on the U.S. auto scene. Geely Automotive in March finalized a deal to buy Swedish automaker Volvo from Ford. And BYD, the fastest growing Chinese automaker, has opened an office in Los Angeles and hopes to deliver its first vehicles to California consumers by the end of 2010.

China is often held up as a kind of economic boogeyman to Americans. The country's cheap labor has decimated the U.S.
Hitag-2 key tool| Key code reader| bmw gt1| textile industry, and the fear among labor unions and Detroit is that it could do the same to autos. But it appears that it could be a long time before China has the kind of impact on American driveways that, say, the Japanese have had. Moreover, it's not a stretch to say that it could be decades before China has anything close to the same success in the U.S. that Western automakers have had in China already.

BYD is perhaps the most ambitious of the Chinese automakers, with proclamations from its leadership that it aspires to become the world's biggest automaker by 2025.|
Ford key copy vise| Ford Mazda keymaker|Gambit programmer Car key master II| BYD, which started out as a battery company, sold 449,000 vehicles last year in China, and began exports to South America, Africa and the Middle East. This December, the company plans to begin selling electric crossover vehicles through a small dealer group in California to establish its beachhead in the U.S.

What could hinder BYD's plans and those of other Chinese automakers? Analysts and competitors point to a lack of orientation about quality standards in the U.S., a deficit in engineering prowess and intense competition by the established brands.

Chinese automakers have long been criticized for copying, or knocking off, Western designs. But while the exteriors of the vehicles occasionally look similar to Chevys and BMWs,|
BMW KEY PROGRAMMER| CAR KEY MAKER II GAMBIT| Fiat key programmer| they haven't been able to copy quality engineering. The latest indication came from the China Association for Quality, which said buyer complaints have been rising, not falling. Complaints about cars that have quality problems within six months of purchase increased nearly 60 percent in the first quarter of 2010. Complaints about safety issues and production defects rose 15 percent compared to the same period in 2009. That's a setback, according to J.D. Power and Associates, which had measured an improvement in quality from 2008 to 2009 in its Initial Quality Study.

Brilliance Automotive, which, like BYD, has displayed vehicles at the Detroit Auto Show as a precursor to selling in the U.S., is withdrawing from Europe after a poor reception and widespread reports of deficient quality. "One of the things that clearly holds back the Chinese so far is their apparent unwillingness to put Westerners who know these markets into key leadership positions," says Los Angeles marketing consultant Dennis Keene. "They don't seem to know what they don't know about the export markets they are going into."

Another possible culprit? Jim Federico, vehicle line engineer for Buick, which has been operating in China for a decade via a joint venture with Shanghai Automotive,
AD90| AD900|AK400|AK300| BENZ KEY PROGRAMMER | says that while Chinese engineers are capable in single-skill areas like brakes, suspensions and wheels, "they are very challenged when it comes to integrating all the systems in a complete vehicle."

It could be that the Chinese would be much better off concentrating on their home market for now anyway. Last year, automakers sold more than 13 million
new vehicles, eclipsing the U.S. market. And through the first quarter of 2010, the industry was on track to sell more than 16 million, 25 percent more than the best estimates for the U.S.

GM has stepped up its focus on China for that reason. The automaker expects to sell more than 2 million vehicles, including over 1 million commercial vans and trucks, in 2010. GM is five years ahead of its planning to reach that milestone. It expects to sell 3 million annually by 2015, 10 years ahead of plan.

That growth at home is one of the reasons why Geely is tempering its export aspirations. Despite buying Volvo, the company says it plans to keep the brands and operations separate. "Selling to developed markets is at least a few years down the road," says Frank Zhao, the company's vice president for technology. There is a lot about meeting standards in those markets, he said, that Geely is going to learn from Volvo.

"That is a sensible approach," says Rebecca Lindland, director of automotive research at IHS Gobal Insight. "Companies like Mitsubishi, Suzuki, Subaru and others have been in the U.S. a lot longer and found growth and acceptance very hard to crack."

If actual Chinese brands are years off from making a major impact on the U.S., their presence is being felt nonetheless. The interior of the new and much lauded
2010 Buick LaCrosse was heavily designed by GM's Shanghai design center. Federico says the lines and curves of the dashboard and the attention to detail in the back seat came from GM's Chinese partners. "They have taught our people a lot about creating a whole environment for the driver and passengers, not just designing individual elements," Federico says. The impact of the Shanghai studio is felt on the Regal, Federico says, and a forthcoming smaller sedan based on the Buick Excelle in China.

The irony is that a Buick long pitched to U.S. consumers as a traditional "American" luxury may quickly become the best example of Chinese know-how in the U.S. auto industry.

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Chinese characteristics from the CHIC fashion chain

2.04.2010, 17:34

Also the foundation is also the first

        - Chinese characteristics from the CHIC fashion chain

 

 


How an ordinary reader in the most concise way to explain the chain of fashion in this industry?

In Europe and the United States if it easier to handle. Can be copied directly to "wearPRADA The Devil" in the classic lines: this is not just a blue sweater and simple fact is neither a blue green, nor is sapphire blue, it is the sky blue; and you naive did not knowOscar de la Renta in 2002 issued a series of sky blue dress, YSL immediately issued blue uniform jacket. Then the color quickly appeared in eight different works of fashion designers, and finally selling it in stores after lap, by a variety of popular and dependable brand countless cottage style. There is no doubt that you wear this is scouring sale when the store is coming. However, this blue is representative of the flow of tens of millions of dollars and countless jobs ... ... funny that you think you chose a ring has nothing to do with fashion clothes, in fact, you wear this sweater is the room of people work together for you from the "pile of stuff" in election.

In our home, how should explain it? Get all kinds of fashion editor was derived from the past on the guise of a Monster? Or look up on the cover of fashion magazines, the negative news in order to keep the body model actress? The room of people abroad to represent the death-defying attitude of purists its advanced development requirements of modern productive forces, advanced culture and fashion forward direction and the overwhelming majority of the people's fundamental tastes, we indigenous people this room has refused to take the majority of the people people pick fashion colors, and only death-defying truth-selling the Quarter after quarter from abroad. From the perspective of the most positive thought, to some extent these actions help to maintain the international balance of payments of the motherland, so that those old clamoring for trade sanctions on China, the RMB exchange rate tightly fixed on the deficit of power temporarily vent its anger.Nevertheless, more than that.

But as a real person who loves fashion industry, some data can not but know that:

According to "The Economist" magazine, in 2009 the trade surplus countries in the world rankings. Saudi Arabia ranks first favorable balance of 1.33 trillion kroner; China ranked second, favorable balance of 1.23 trillion kroner - with the words of popular China in 2009alone on selling to foreigners earned 1.23 trillion kroner ( approximately 1.4 trillion yuan).

China's trade surplus will usually account for 29% of GDP, while the textile trade surplus of close to 60% of the country's total trade surplus. From 2001 to 2008, the country's trade surplus 83% of the goods created by the textile industry - then the words of popular, Saudi Arabia, foreigners who can earn so much money is by selling oil; and we are foreigners who earned,VAG K+CAN COMMANDER V3.0| 409 Interface VAG-COM Cable| mostly by selling clothes. This means that, even walking in New York's Fifth Avenue, Avenue Montaigne in Paris, Tokyo, Omotesando, you can buy "Made in China" garments.Also, you should be proud of. Not so strong textile trade and prosperity, national prosperity up quickly, people can become rich quickly, you can go in these world-class chic shopping area was Joseph it?

And for the efforts and contributions of all, not our fashion magazine, but our CHIC - China International Clothing & Accessories Fair.

Clothing & Accessories Fair, the fashion people always seem to listen to some rustic name or form, but Established in 1993, since year after year turnover of several billion yuan, driving this huge industry. This four-day relations with China, 10449000 ("Economic Times" in 2009 fourth quarter statistics) related to the livelihood of employees, widely distributed in the various industrial clusters in the financing market leader in enterprise road, and the next batch by doing buttons, fabrics, materials processing, OEM production jumped into the wealthy merchant class list. It is the role of CHIC, foreigners all put on clothes made in China, and give them clothes of the Chinese people have gradually become the world's most terror-stricken, most extravagantly wealthy part of China. With the growing wealthy class of service in their various fashion magazines emerged to teach how to properly tycoons extravagant.

Here, it seems able to complete the account of our regular readers - industry is, but he's not so fashionable; known as a fashion, it is not serving the industry.

How to put up links to industry and fashion,K+CAN Commander 1.4|Super VAG K+CAN| VAG 908.1 | VAG CAN Commander 5.1| so that more people understand their apparel spending, the hard work, is also borne in part by the CHIC.

As an international production chain, the lowest end of the big factories in China, made over the years, but each brand to create a low-cost foreign goods, then people of a white label sold at high prices. Chinese industrial city of Dongguan example, a working girl, she will never know what is on hand to do the shoe, the next day was sent to P store brand, you can sell a pair of 4,000 yuan. "Playing the foreign labor" the traditional mode of Chinese apparel manufacturers rely on the export tax rebate rate and exchange rate changes occurred, most have to close. Moreover, the map of foreigners in recent years gradually lower the "manufacture of goods" that links to a more expensive Vietnam, Indonesia and other Third World countries, if the former China can earn from an OEM product in the "1 ", then in Vietnam and Indonesia, sweatshop, factory owners are also from" 1 "in for a 0.5 to a foreign boss.

"Turn domestic exports", so a million years ago, domestic products test product marketing slogan of spirits, but now the majority of garment enterprises in China is still the best way out. Over one billion people do, can not wear clothes, or have been brainwashed Chinese fashion magazine, only the so-called international brand recognition?

The problem is that our markets have not have their own brand. For this problem, CHIC has done better than many fashion magazines frequently get one or two large domestic fashion pat themselves on the claims much more to encourage local designers Kaopu. Starting in2008, CHIC keywords from the "trade" converted into "brand." So many years, the Xu Hui lot of clothing manufacturers started by OEM display and promotion through the CHICsuccessfully establish the brand and into the country. Men birds such as Pacific brand, only the CHIC event in 2009 and effective on the harvest in more than 100 agents; mentioned before the Chinese industrial city of Dongguan shoe manufacturers, will also push its own brand Stella Luna International; The exhibition as early as 10 years ago, and together with the growth of Metersbonwe CHIC gradually completed and launched a new brand listed on "Me &City", in recent years, is loved by fashion magazines enabled international big names, big names Lingerie, big brand advertising photographer surgeon, to allow a public fashion at home and abroad who are greeted with a. Than the fashion magazines do not fly in the circulation, successful brands attracted to the upstream and downstream resources is where the success of CHIC. This is 18 years, CHIC has done,VAG COM 812.4| USB CABLE VAG-COM 704.1| as a foreign made several high above the same Devil Wears Prada, assisting enterprises to go to help the brand stand up.

Hotchpotch that many, not singing the praises for CHIC. You and I love fashion, have to do anything they want the magic of the movie Monster fascinated. This kind of magic, from the full penetration of the industry. About CHIC, participate in CHIC, is to understand the full picture of China's fashion industry to participate in the construction of China's fashion industry. Can identify the design of the various brands will shoot may die like kind of a large, talk of what is fashion we, in fact, talking about fashion. True fashion, is a cultural, an economic, it needs to diligently develop, and really need to promote and guide.

CHIC is no doubt that the promoter and the fashion industry guide, which has been used on paper, do we have that something?

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Professor Pan: How to look at men and women from the physiognomy wedding

3.02.2010, 03:27


Professor Pan Changjun / text


Eight Characters from both men and women can be seen on numerology or not Hehun or personal relevant aspects of marriage good or bad, in fact, be able to know you through the physiognomy, marry, or marry other half is about what kind of person, then today the introduction Professor Pan how to look at men and women from the physiognomy a wedding, for your reference.


Large distance between the two eyebrows <br /> Professor Pan in front of the physiognomy of the articles mentioned between the eyebrows, if two very broad,DCAN Interface| BMW OPPS|BMW INNER 1.4.0|Volvo vida dice| the width of the general situation with two thumbs prevail, if there is such eyebrow woman, character compared will be very bright, open to all can see, in the emotional more easily afford to take Fang Dexia, so that a woman can marry a careful, gentle Yukio.


Look at the nose <br /> the physiognomy schools, and look at marriage from the nose of the advantages and disadvantages of a woman to say, so we should focus on the speech. If a woman born big nose, where a relatively large proportion of the size of the whole physiognomy, so that most women marry men younger than themselves, so that marriage may be better; on the contrary, the nose of a woman born small for men older than themselves; if the size of a woman's nose raw moderate, generally will be a similar age to marry with their men, while a few may find the slightly older than their male partners.


The nose bridge of the nose at a very high if the students, so that a woman some "exotic" feeling, but most of the high bridge of the nose of a woman can marry a good husband, talented, it would be more happy; if a woman's nose, the nose section of Department of Health's very prominent, such as marriage, a woman may be more twists and turns, to find a more suitable for older people to do their partner will be happy; if a woman born beautiful nose, the size is also equal, so a woman can mostly be married regardless of status or wealth, and so on will be a very good husband, married life is relatively happy, relatively speaking.


Ear <br /> If a woman's ear and the face was very close, almost had to paste it into the face of such individual's personality slightly inward, always like to listen to the views of others, themselves undecided, sometimes headstrong, and there are a strong dependence, there is such a feature of a woman should find a more able to take care of, understanding, tolerance themselves, but must be more mature male partner, so that it would be more happy marriages.


The high cheekbones <br /> if the high cheekbones of Health, so that a woman will usually be pretty, relatively strong personality and temperament of the noble, can marry the husband's extraordinary, but the married life may be increased by a discord,vag immo 1+3 | easy carry key machine| GL303A| should be more Note.


Men Eyes 
If a man's eyes, God born large, so that men would be of great concern to attract the opposite sex, if it were also good at conversation, it must be able to get beautiful wife; if a man's eye students angles at relatively deep, so that The good wives of the men easily in their daily lives is the yin, inner helper, career is a good helper, lived happily.


If a man's eyebrows with students, or staggered up a large majority of women than their own partner; if a man's eyebrows born a very long, so that people will get wise wife, but the size of the things that married life may be will be the woman call the shots, while he will be obedient in every possible way.


If the man's mouth hygiene is very small, short eyebrows always like cover your mouth to speak, and the voices sound a little feminine to let others feel such a person a silver tongue, not very honest, loving lied like to listen to women's words, failing, even if their own male friends around for many years to persuade themselves, not as useful acquaintances of the opposite sex the day, such a person more difficult for the perfect marriage, a rare good wives, and there will be a lot of emotional entanglement, should pay more attention to control their own words and deeds.


These are Professor Pan instances in the physiognomy of daily analysis summary and concludes that men and women have been concentrating on the points, physiognomy, although the complexity of learning, but it is simple and clear, which requires us to observe their own learning can be. I wish everyone could be happy marriage!

Professor Pan and tell you about the points mentioned above for your reference, the real good feng shui, it should meet the individual needs of people, feng shui should be people-oriented,GL203EF| GL303B| GL368A| according to local conditions vary, should be combined with the main I ordered the birthday eight characters and the combination of momentum to the surrounding environment layout I hope you lot of attention to their surrounding Feng Shui, numerology with Feng Shui, wind and water good luck to everyone!

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New Year's 5 largest modeling school models fashion dress

22.01.2010, 08:58

Sienna Miller (Sienna Miller)

England Mashup

Mashup of the UK will play a very perfect fashion,SBB KEY PRO|AD90|AK400|BDM100| allowing a number of stars all go nuts trying to copy the dress style, the British queen Sienna Miller's skill mix and match a natural without much to say. In 2009 is beat Kate Moss, the most will be dressing the actress. New Year's first wave of street shooting is even more vivid and dramatic changes in clothing style, Qiuwen.

 

Jessica Alba (Jessica Alba)

Queen scarf

Hollywood's hot mom, sweet chocolate beauties, with three mixed origin. Her dress style is very classic American popular wind, scarves become her iconic single product,BENZ KEY PRO|BMW KEY PRO|DIGIMASTER II|GS500| coupled with the beautiful gestures and a decent mix, so the perfect combination to wear consequently attractive.

Mary-Kate Olsen (Mary-Kate Olsen)

"Dirty" fashion

Since early last year began to fall in love with New York great artist, her life suddenly changed from the haze and the splendor of them, every time out and can see the delicate mix and match. Relaxed dress style, but also affected the 90 post-aesthetic, shuffling the Great shape become her signature style.

Nicole Richie (Nicole Richie)

Freaky style

She has a Negro has the nature itself of the Bohemian temperament, although only 15 tall and 5cm, had more than a year joined the rank of the devil-style training in the ranks of beauties, No. 0, with the only 12-year-olds have a slender wrist . Today, Nicole Richie did not want to play a role in skeletal than the period of the most rich,MB C4|OBD2 KWP2000|VAG 405| a bit thin. 2009 once again had no effect on having children that she was a good figure, the opposite is more sexy, spicy arithmetic is a model mother.

Agnes Sidi En (Agyness Deyn)

Handsome neutral

A typical representative of the UK Wind IT Girl,VAG COM 805.1|VAG TACHO USB 2.5|VAG COM 812.4| she also likes Amoy Flea Market a treasure, a British Union Jack shirt can be worn different. Neutral dress style, in the past two years, become a sought-object. Like the neutral wind of you do dare to follow.


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Coat with thin pantyhose fashion dialogue

11.01.2010, 04:02
Sudden drop in temperature, Baron that had a chance to put away the summer of Liangshan, had not had time to patronize the fall wardrobe, it is so straight stepped into the winter, even though it is the adverse consequences of the greenhouse effect, but just to satisfy people's pursuit of "No seasonal flu" mix and match approach wishes. Therefore, the winter coat and all kinds of thin tights have opened a new dialogue. Different colors, materials, innovative legging became popular for several quarters of the most important element of, but now it is no longer just a common accessory for individual products, but increasingly were given clothing concept, pants pants to wear socks as a new epidemic. Therefore, in this winter, the bold tights and coats will be direct with it, a variety of combination will carry a different dress styles.X431|Launch X431 diagun|Autoboss V30|BENZ STAR| Whether traditional or novel hollow monochrome lace stockings pantyhose, either to fight or Zhuiman hit hue shining beads are not to be missed. The most popular this year, not from fancy lace stockings and all kinds of coat with none other than the Q: In the coats and pantyhose mix of anything new on it again this year? A: Speaking of the most popular topic, do not doubt that we can learn from "Gossip Girl" in the answer. The most popular this year, coming from all kinds of fancy lace stockings with none other than the coat mix. Blake Lively demonstration of self-cultivation for us to cut coat with rust-red geometric patterns and hollow lace tights, while the high-heeled sandals, the ratio is even more stretched in the leg, the overall seemed to be especially long and slender; Leighton Meester classical temperament is just right for this emphasis shoulder Department of Baroque-style pan-profile rust vine pattern with a red coat, black stockings; while Leighton Meester of another retro styling, then from the navy in this case, the Marc by Marc Jacobs tulip-type skirt double-breasted coat , with hollow white lace tights and exude a romantic aristocratic temperament. Q: coat gives a total of serious and elegant sense of how to make them appear more youthful, lively it? A: mid-and long coat should be welcomed by many young girls, that can be used with pants with skirt can be. Wearing a coat but not so high if it is to cover the legs, pantyhose may choose an appropriate color to add drama. Taylor Momsen, and Katherine Heigl unanimously chose the short skirts and tights,AK500|BMW GT1|T300|VAS 5054A| but their different emphasis, the former choice bright purple tights and purple print handbags just complement each other, while the latter is always seeking unity, black miniskirt, black boots, there is a black pantyhose with floral patterns, have a prominent scarlet coat effect. Q: How do I challenge the case at low temperatures coats and pantyhose mix? A: Although the sandal, or a single shoe from the vision that has legs to reveal the advantages, but in winter the temperature factors also must be considered. Therefore, in carefully selected coat and a pair of pantyhose at the same time choose a suitable high boots are also necessary. In this year, Thigh-length boots are essential for single items is an important one, we might use it to play a warmth and modified leg-type role. Blake Lively on the knees with a pair of black boots with a jade blue double-breasted coat, as well as the Scottish grid printing tights and pantyhose because of color to become a continuation of similar, Lexia 3|Renault CAN Clip|FLY108|BMW OPS|SBB KEY PRO|also played an elongated leg results; Sienna Miller a black dress while deliberately chosen a pair of emerald green color leaping high boots, coats and boots for the hem flange will be the visual focus to the intersection of the slender wearing black stockings thigh.

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